Historic landmarks in the development of Agricultural Land Market in Poland after the year 1989

Historic landmarks in the development of Agricultural Land Market in Poland after the year 1989

by Edward Majewski

For a number of decades in the second half of the XXth century, agricultural land has been divided in Poland between three sectors: family, state owned and cooperative farms, with a dominating share of private, individual farmers in land use. As a result, ownership structure of agricultural land in Poland is quite unique among the former socialist Central and East European countries. Until the year 1989, when the transformation to a market economy was initiated, the landmarket in Poland was almost non-existent. The State Land Fund (SLF), an institution created in 1944 was for decades a substitute to land market. Originally, the Fund was responsible for the implementation of the land reform. After nationalization or confiscation of real estates, state farms have been established on a larger part of agricultural land under Fund’s management. The rest has been divided between former farm workers and small farmers owing less than 5 hectares of land.

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